At that time breeding groups of one dominant bull and one to several cows are found. Related Podcast: Ep. 2) Nilgai Antelope and Oryx Scimitar Horned. Grass forms the bulk of their diet in Texas. Nilgai were released in this country without a preliminary investi- gation of their ecological compatibility. The social and territorial significance of this habit is not known. South Texas is home to more free-range Nilgai antelope than their native country of India. Nilgai in Texas harbor low numbers of parasites. send us a message on email. RESERVE YOUR HUNT. This area is home to an incredible amount of Nilgai Antelope, Whitetail Deer, Javelina and Rio Grande Turkeys. Nilgai Antelope is naturally up to 97% lean, and low in cholesterol and calories, making it packed with healthy nutrition. The peak calving period is September through November. By the 1990s, hunters saw nilgai, the meat of which is known as “Texas antelope,” as an opportunity. They upgrade their diet nutritionally by eating forbs, browse, and plant parts (flowers, seeds, fruit, leaves, stem tips). "Nilgai" means "blue bull" in certain East Indian dialects. Extremely elusive and weighing up to 700 pounds, the Nilgai is not only difficult to hunt, but even tougher to bring down. Nilgai are native to India and Pakistan, but South Texas is home to more than 35,000 feral animals after a ranch brought them to the area in the 1950s. Nilgai are the largest of the Indian antelopes. Some breeding takes place year-round, but the principal breeding period in Texas is November through March. Nilgai are being captured and moved across Texas to stock game ranches for hunter harvest opportunities. The nilgai or blue bull is the largest Asian antelope and is ubiquitous across the northern Indian subcontinent. The very pretty females and their brood are brown to orange or yellowish brown. Nilgai antelope are the second largest member of the antelope family, with the older bulls often being referred to as “blue bulls”, as the dominant males typically become very dark, taking on a blackish and blueish hue. Texas Nilgai antelope hunting is indeed very challenging hunting, […] This first pair did not yield any offspring, so a decision was made to obtain 5 bulls and 7 cows from the San Diego Zoological Garden. The Hindi word nilgaw ("blue bull") refers to the bluish color of the adult male, and blue bull is another name for the animal. accessed January 24, 2021, HUNTING. A The antelope appear along State Highway 77 in the purple morning, drifting through the tall grass an hour north of Brownsville in knots of hoof and horn. The nilgai stands 1–1.5 metres (3.3–4.9 ft) at the shoulder; males weigh 109–288 kilograms (240–635 lb), and the lighter females 100–213 kilograms (220–470 lb). reset. Fortunately not overrun with these animals, the Mariposa Ranch has healthy herds that roam freely. The hair of adults is thin in density, wiry, and somewhat oily. South Texas Game. The gestation period is approximately 245 days. POLICIES. In the mid-1980s both nilgai and tigers had drastically declined because of overshooting and loss of habitat to development. Food, Lodging and First Animal Included in Price. Origin: Nilgai Antelope are native to India and were introduced to South Texas in the 1940s.. Characteristics: Nilgai are the largest of the Indian antelope and are challenging to hunt due to there keen senses.Nilgai meat that has been compared to a leaner version of … Besides man, the tiger is their principal Asian predator. / Nilgai make dung piles by defecating repeatedly on the same sites. About Us; KayoteKares; Veteran Hunts; Game Cam Pics; Lodging; EN. These current residents of the brush country are descendants of the first “blue bulls” from southern Asia that were transplanted on the famed King Ranch in the 1920s and 1930s, and their numbers have steadily grown from a few dozen to tens of thousands in the past century. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/nilgai-antelope. A 2-year food habit study of the nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) and its forage selections compared with white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and cattle was conducted in south Texas. The species has not been intensively studied. A Imported from Asia as a game species, nilgai antelope have become feral in South Texas, and their penchant for busting fences is reshaping the landscape — connecting fragmented areas that can benefit native wildlife. Support the Handbook today. The Nilgai, or Blue Indian Antelope, has proliferated in South Texas. Nilgai bulls are challenging to hunt and delicious to eat. William J. Sheffield, ABOUT THE RANCH. TWS member Megan Granger, an undergraduate in the rangeland and ecology management department at Texas … The population has grown from a few dozen in those early years to more than 50,000, according to Texas Parks & Wildlife Department records. Gastrointestinal nematodes and ticks, including fever ticks, have been taken from them. In Asia nilgai eat mainly woody plants supplemented by agricultural crops. RANCH RULES. Fortunately not overrun with these animals, the Mariposa Ranch has healthy herds that roam freely. 202: From the Two Kingdoms of Nature. Nonetheless we press on, staying one step behind the nilgai antelope – The Blue Bull of South Texas. Note: Big Time Texas Hunts entries will … The limited hunting of nilgai in Texas and their high rate of increase make the control of their numbers a major management concern. Nilgai Antelope; Javelina; Whitetail Deer; Whitetail Doe; Coyote; Bobcat; Feral Hogs; Recent Hunts; Videos; Explore. Not only did the “blue bulls” survive, they thrived on the plains of the brush country. The cow-to-calf ratio of Texas nilgai is approximately seventy-five to 100, and the sex ratio at birth is approximately even. Nilgai, also known as Blue Bull, is the largest antelope in Asia! Once native to India, the Nilgai antelope has made itself quite at home in Texas, where it was successfully introduced back in the 30s. NILGAI ANTELOPE TROPHY BULL / Texas, United States. They were originally introduced to the King Ranch in the 1930's by a family member who decided that South Texas was a tough environment for cattle that had evolved in a cooler climate. We suggest allowing 2 days to hunt because they can be quite challenging. The nilgai antelope is right at home in deep South Texas. Nilgai Antelope hail from southeast Asia and can top the scales at 700 lbs. The Hindi word nilgaw ("blue bull") refers to the bluish color of the adult male, and blue bull is … We have a dead heat at #2. Originally they were imported as zoo animals before the mid 1920's. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). A Between about 1930 and 1941 the ranch made several acquisitions of nilgai zoo stock and released them in Kenedy County. We created this eBook for you, and it was made possible through the contributions of our members and supporters. Elusive and wild, it doesn’t show up at feeders, eat corn, or stay in one place for very long. The horns are usually found in … Box 7946, Houston, TX 77270 Ph: 713.819.6901. Also known as the South Texas Antelope, this is a mild, lean, very veal-like meat. Nilgai antelope were first brought to Texas in the 1920s, primarily as a gift to Caesar Kleberg of the King Ranch it being the custom of the time. Approximately 15,000 nilgai are now on Texas rangelands. RELEASE FORM. Font size: Package price $ 2,950 for 2 days, 1 hunter, with Nilgai antelope included . Corporate Office: P.O. Their primary range now includes the area from Baffin Bay south to near Harlingen. Bulls do not maintain a fixed territory but defend a space around themselves. Two of the divisions of H. Yturria Ranches, located near Raymondville, provide almost 20,000 acres of prime nilgai country, with … They live on a variety of land types from hillsides to level ground with scattered grass steppes, trees, and cultivated areas, but not in thick forests. The Nilgai Antelope is native to countries of the Himalayan Mountains and most common in India, Pakistan and Nepal. / A sturdy thin-legged antelope, the nilgai is characterised by a sloping back, a deep neck … Published by the Texas State Historical Association. Cows weigh 150–200 kilograms and calves about seven kilograms at birth. The Texas government classifies them as exotic, which means there’s no bag limit, no possession limit, and no closed season. With limited hunting and predation, protection, and favorable habitat, nilgai adapted well. The eyesight and hearing of nilgai are considered equal to or better than that of white-tailed deer, but their sense of smell less acute. Only the males have horns, which are black-colored, short (about eighteen centimeters), sharp, and bicurved. Nilgai Antelope Boselaphus tragocamelus Order: Artiodactyla Family: Bovidae 1) General Zoological Data This large antelope, often called the blue buck, once occupied large regions of Pakistan, India and Nepal, but the range has recently contracted. They suffer in extreme cold, and even in temperate South Texas they may die during unusually cold winters when food is scarce. The Nilgai Antelope is a large antelope (male’s average 500 lbs) with short, sharp horns. Groups of … Nilgai antelope, native to India, are one of several species of big game exotics that have successfully established themselves as free- ranging animals in Texas (Ramsey 1969, Sheffield et al. Originally stocked on the King Ranch in the 1930s, these sporty game animals quickly took hold and are currently free ranging on a handful of large private properties in lower South Texas. I had the pleasure of joining my blood brother Kyle in a classic South Texas spot and stalk hunt on a beautiful bull nilgai. They have speed and endurance and, over rough terrain, may outrun a horse with rider. Package price. The Nilgai, or Blue Indian Antelope, has proliferated in South Texas. Female nilgai breed at age two to three years, whereas males may not breed until their fourth year. Mailing Address: 6400 Hwy 39 Hunt, Texas 78024. p. 830.640.3200 e. businessoffice@lazyckranch.com Calves may bawl and may make a grunting sound while nursing. … The nilgai antelope is native to southern Asia but its characteristics made it the perfect species to introduce to the South Texas landscape. Nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus Pallas) were apparently brought to the United States from India as zoo animals before the mid-1920s and were released in South Texas about 1930. Handbook of Texas Online, All have similar dark and white markings on their ears and legs. OUR HUNTS. Currently, sport hunting and meat supply are the best potential uses for these antelope. Nilgai were common in India and parts of Pakistan during the 1880s and were hunted for sport by the British. They were first introduced to Texas in the 1920s as a zoo animal, later added to private animal collections on ranches in the 30s and 40s, but escaped and have flourished with the estimated population being between 15,000 and 18,000 animals today. FAQs. Nilgai are big and fast, and though native to India and Pakistan, they thrive in Texas. This tasty choice will be left to you. Yes, I would like to begin receiving history-rich content, news, and updates from TSHA. Perhaps the most universal of these are foot-and-mouth disease and malignant catarrhal fever. La India Ranch Mail: PO Box 421, Falfurrias, TX 78355 Get in touch at: info@laindiaranch.com. Since then, Nilgai have ran wild and prospered in the brush country of south Texas. Nilgai Antelope. Mariposa Ranch is a 45,000+ acre South Texas ranch providing the highest quality wild quail, whitetail deer, nilgai, turkey, dove, and hog hunts. They offer an extremely challenging hunt thanks to their keen sense of smell, great hearing, and impressive vision Our Nilgai hunts are fair chase on over 18,000 acres of Texas Hill Country! Extremely elusive and weighing up to 700 pounds, the Nilgai is not only difficult to hunt, but even tougher to bring down. reset. Although the males are gray to brownish gray, as they approach maturity, they sure enough look blue. Cows and calves are pale brown. Although there hasn’t been a case of cattle fever in Texas since the 1970s, in 2017 a total of 162 new tick infestations were recorded in Texas with 17 and 12 of those cases attributed to ticks found on white-tailed deer and nilgai antelope, respectively. Physical Address: 563 Bobby Shelton Ranch Rd Mountain Home, Texas 78058. HISTORY. Font size: … Native to India these huge bovid can weigh over 700 pounds, and were first introduced into Texas back in the 1930s by the King Ranch. Fighting occurs between dominant bulls, and serious injury or death sometimes results. Our Nilgai antelope hunting takes place on two historic properties that are located in the Lower Rio Grande Valley Region of deep South Texas. A nilgai antelope crosses under a fence in Texas. Origins: The first Nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) were brought into the USA from India. Nilgai probably evolved in open, dry Indian forests during the Tertiary geological period. Steve and Jesse head inland to hunt for an Indian antelope known as Nilgai. (361)-992-2906 | sullivan@mariposaranch.net, 906 County Road 225 - Falfurrias, TX, 78355Guided Hunts | South Texas | ©SK Corp 2020. Join TSHA to support quality Texas history programs and receive exclusive benefits. Their habitats are characterized by paths, waterholes, defecation sites, and resting cover. The generally blue-gray adult bulls have black legs, and some may be brown-tinged, particularly younger bulls. Nilgai were introduced to south Texas by the King Ranch in the 1930’s from their native India. No thank you, I am not interested in joining. Their skin is thick, particularly on the chest and neck of the bulls, where it forms a dermal shield. In the absence of preferred food they readily alter their diet. Nilgai make several low-volume vocalizations, including a short, guttural "bwooah" when alerted. The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. A A September 2011 Texas nilgai hunt at the Punta del Monte Ranch with Wildlife Systems, Inc. 1971). Developing economic uses may be the best means of controlling the nilgai and assuring their compatibility on Texas ranges. The sole member of the genus Boselaphus, the species was described and given its binomial name by German zoologist Peter Simon Pallasin 1766. In India nilgai occur from the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains southward to Mysore. In India they share certain diseases with livestock and wildlife. Twinning is common, and triplets occur occasionally. Origin: Asia Horn Size: 8 ”-11 ” Inches ; Weight: 400-800 pounds Lonesome Bull Ranch Population: 4 0+ Nilgai also known as Blue Bull is the largest antelope in Asia. ©Megan Granger. The origin of Nilgai comes from Hindi, the language of India, and means blue bull. They have been distributed to numerous counties by landowners releasing brood stock. La India Ranch in Falfurrias, Texas offers one and two day guided Nilgai hunts for small groups. The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry. Around 1930 the King Ranch initiated the first release in South Texas into Kenedy County. These are large, sturdy animals with mature … Fossil Farms sources truly wild Nilgai Antelope from the abundant ranchland and hill country of South Texas. These animals are officially named the "nilgai" antelope and originate in India and Nepal. These animals forage on native grasses, seeds, and fruit, giving the meat a mild venison-like flavor. Baseline studies of distribution, social organization, behavior, food habits, and population ecology have been published by Texas A&M University, but more ecological, economic, and management information is needed. Nilgai Hunting Season: Nilgai are an excellent species to hunt year – round in Texas! There's some spooky history here in Texas. Although these diseases occur in Texas livestock, they have not been found in Texas nilgai. “Nilgai Antelope,” A magnum caliber rifle and a well placed shot are essential. Nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus Pallas) were apparently brought to the United States from India as zoo animals before the mid-1920s and were released in South Texas about 1930. The Nilgai (Boselaphus Tragocamelus), an Antelope native to India that is hunted for trophies, can now be hunted in Texas with Texas Hunt Lodge. They will probably not become widespread. An efficient hunt leaves plenty of time for Steve and Jesse to dive into butchering and cooking the wild beast for a nose-to-tail throwdown. The King Ranch pioneered the release of nilgai in Texas. They are classified as bovids (family Bovidae), and with their closest relative, the four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis), are the only living representatives of the tribe Boselaphini. Adult bulls weigh 200–240 kilograms, occasionally more. 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