Norming Process of establishing norms for a test. Sometimes, these are behaviors that may be considered common sense without being expressly articulated. A good norm setting protocol can be found in The Power of Protocols: An Educator’s Guide to Better Practice by McDonald, Mohr, Dichter and McDonald (2003). Explicit norms for group work that compel students to treat each other respectfully, share air time, take the courage to speak up, and build on each other’s ideas. Norms Reference scores against which an individual’s scores are compared. Norms are more fluid than rules; they can be altered by the group when the norms no longer serve the purpose intended. In the context of teamwork and collaboration, norms are agreed-upon definitions of productive behaviors and mindsets that should be usual, or “the norm,” whenever a group is working together. They should provide a guideline for behavior. Norms: At Aptos Middle School in San Francisco, the first step for group work is establishing group norms. Protocols for group work and group discussion that define roles, timing, and steps that shape the conversation. 2 PSY 721 Scores and Norms 4 Norms Norm Behavior that is usual or typical for members of a group. I have found it to be effective with students and adults. Group norms governing how team members interact with each other and the team's mission help teams be more effective. Rather than let norms naturally develop, consciously determine the kinds of rules, guidelines, and norms for team members to follow. My norms are set up to build positive student mathematical identities in my students (knowing 2/3 to 3/4 of my students enter my classroom having some negative views of mathematics). Team norms can be developed during an early team meeting, preferably the first meeting, and more norms can be added as the team deems their addition necessary. SIDE NOTE: I am a big fan of Sophie Kasahara, a 3rd year teacher in St. Paul , MN. Norms are a “social contract” that supports a group’s collaborative work. Additionally, choosing a few norms (no more than six) will promote student familiarity and ownership of the norms. Taji Allen-Sanchez, a sixth- and seventh-grade science teacher, lists expectations on the whiteboard, such as “everyone contributes” and … PSY 721 Scores and Norms 5 Establishing Norms These are the 3 rules she built classroom norms around in her classroom this week. This project is about brainstorming norms, setting group norms (a group is required), writing out what each norm looks like, deciding as a group how to indicate a norm has been broken, and lastly, designing a poster or flyer in Canva about the chosen group norms. Team norms are a set of rules or guidelines that a team establishes to shape the interaction of its members with one other and with employees who are external to the team. 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