Patriotic song Marseillaise composed by poet Roget de Lisle. Third estate, Question 4. The members declared themselves as the National Assembly and swore not to disperse till they had drafted a Constitution for France that would limit the powers of the monarch. Question 7. (i) 1773 (ii) 1774 (iii) 1775 (iv) 1776 2. The philosophers and thinkers believed that,no group in a society should be privileged by birth. Socialist economy added a new dimension to democracy, by attributing it as a socio-economic system. However, only a small number of them owned the land they cultivated about 60 per cent of the land was owned by nobles, the church and other richer members of the third estate. The queen also met with the same fate. But the members of the Third Estate demanded that voting now be conducted on the democratic principle of one person, one vote. The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy. Answer: Question 3. French revolution started in 1789. On 21st September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France as a republic. We have Provided Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. The members of Church and nobility enjoyed certain privileges by birth, the most important being the exemption from paying taxes to the State. They were led by Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. Explain. On 21 September, 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Plays, songs and festive processions attracted large numbers of people. The population of France rose from about 23 million in 1715 to 28 million in 1789. What privileges did certain sections of the society enjoy? However, only a small number of them owned the land they cultivated. Or The French Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Short Answer Type Questions. Answer: Get The French Revolution, History Chapter Notes, Questions & Answers, Video Lessons, Practice Test and more for CBSE Class 10 at TopperLearning. Who was the leader of the Jacobin Club? Extravagant Court: France under various kings had a extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. Write the importance of Napoleon Bonaparte in the History of France and the world. (ii) Charles Montesquieu (1689-1775): A nobleman by birth, he became a lawyer and a judge. He brought out a journal, and delivered powerful speeches to the crowds assembled at Versailles. It conveyed the idea that the law is the some for all, and all are equal before it. Hereditary monarch Louis XVI and his wife were sentenced to death Robespierre was elected President of the National Convention. Fill in the blanks. A guillotine was _____ (a) A device consisting of two poles and a blade with which a person was beheaded (b) A fine sword with which heads were cut off (c) A special noose to hang people (d) none of the above. Question 17. The constitution of 1791 vested the power to make laws in the National Assembly, which was indirectly elected. (b) The Spirit of the Laws. So if the ruler did not fulfil the contract, the people had the right to withdraw their loyalty to him, and bring down the tyranny of the ruler, by revolting. They were employed as domestic servants in the house of prosperous people. Women could be now trained for jobs, could become artists or run small businesses. Abbe’ Sieye’s originally a priest, wrote an influential pamphlet called, ‘What is the Third Estate?’. Question 4. They demanded the right to vote to be elected to the Assembly and hold political office. Robespierre was the leader of Jacobins club which led a successful revolt and came to power. Name the three ‘Estates’ into which the French society was divided before the Revolution. Declaration of the rights of man and citizen was also a feature of this year. Describe any four steps taken by him to bring equality. (iii) Francis Aronet Voltaire (1694-1778): Voltaire was another outstanding philosopher of the Revolution. The French Revolution of 1789 stood for the ideas of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Write a short note on the Directory. Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848. Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes were entitled to vote. Most of the historians believe that from the very beginning women were active participants in the events related with the French Revolution of 1789. Give the titles of the books written by : Chapter 1- The French Revolution. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. Which he conquered the countryside resources of France voted for a group of electors, who in turn chose Assembly... 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