Buried stems can also produce roots for new trees. Hard maple trees have bark that develops deep furrows as the tree ages. Plant this red maple tree in … Maple … Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. If the tree has yet to be harvested, check its leaves. Hard maple is a wonderful, expensive, nearly white wood used for almost every application imaginable both today and even prior to the colonization of the U.S. I did a walk thru on a lot clearing job with a tree service today. A tree typically has to be 40 years old to be big enough to tap for maple syrup. Brown. 1. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York. Red maples (Acer rubrum) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. and tolerate warmer conditions than many maple types, being hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9.The tree quickly reaches a mature height of 75-feet and makes an attractive shade or specimen tree. A Hard Maple leaf will have U-shaped valleys, called … The ash-leaved maple, or box elder, is a fast-growing tree of limited landscape use. Maple trees are known for their brilliant fall color as well as the ease with which they “bleed” sap. Trident maple grows slowly, so it rarely needs pruning. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. These trees grow to be about 50 feet tall and turn red and orange in the fall. The tree in the backyard that blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn is most likely a maple. Maple Tree Types. If you’re looking for fast shade, try a silver maple (A. saccharinum, USDA zones 3 through 9). Vibrant color and rich reds are synonymous with the American Red Maple Tree. To germinate maple tree seeds, try the cold stratification approach by first filling a plastic bag with growing materials such as peat moss, vermiculite, or germination paper. Soft Maple, on the other hand, is derived from several different variations of the maple species and go by names such as Red Maple (Acer rebrum) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). punctatum. Maple trees make their homes in various forests, reserves, and yards across the globe, most frequently in North America, Europe and eastern Asia. In other words, Hard Maple lumber is cut from the outer ring of the tree, therefore bigger sap areas are preferred by lumber mills and timber buyers. They are known for the beautiful, unequally-shaped leaves that make any landscape come alive. It grows faster than Norway or sugar maple, but considerably slower than silver maple, making it a better choice in urban landscaping. Basal canker – This maple fungus attacks the base of the tree and rots away the bark and wood beneath. The Freeman maple is a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, combining the fast growth of silver maple with the less brittle wood. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Hard Maple. Next, add a few drops of water to the growing material, then put the maple seeds in the bag and seal it shut. Maple Tree Tar Spot. Light yellowish Red Maple. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. It will be quite happy in locations from southern Pennsylvania down into Georgia and even in … The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. Poplar ranks 540 on the low end of the scale. VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION If the tree is damaged or cut down, buds that normally lie dormant will sprout and grow rapidly. Add in the countless cultivars available and differing growth habit due to site conditions, and the task can seem downright impossible. Because of this, this tree is only suitable for locations in USDA plant hardiness zones 6 through 8 . What is the value of this hard maple burl? Not only Maple trees, but also some species of Birch trees can be tapped for syrup. In the fall, this variety of maple tree's bright green lobed foliage changes to deep scarlet and orange. Hardwood trees represent a group of trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut, are mostly deciduous and go dormant in the winter. The red maple tree (Acer rubrum) lives an average of 130 years but may survive as long as 300 years. All maples are hardwoods but the species found in America are further classified as hard or soft maples. Hard maple is defined as sugar maple and black maple only. Setting aside whether or not a log could sell as veneer, in general, the smaller the heartwood of a Hard Maple tree, the more valuable it is. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. The species’ tendency to lose sap from wounds makes gardeners question the wisdom of pruning maple trees. Sugar Maple (Rock Maple, Hard Maple) Fact Sheet USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Resistant to air pollution, trident maple is a good choice for street-side plantings. Acer saccharum, Acer nigrum Other Names: Sugar maple, black maple. Hard Maple is commonly referred to as Sugar Maple. DISTRIBUTION Eastern U.S., mainly Mid-Atlantic and Lake states. It all comes from the same tree: hard maple, rock maple, sugar maple, brown maple, white maple. Famous for its Brilliant, Easy-Growing Foliage Why American Red Maple Trees? St. Bonaventure University notes that this tree grows three to seven feet each year. Arrangement and spectacular fall color tree with well over one hundred species to 130 feet but! The backyard that blazes with red, orange and yellow foliage in autumn most! A wonderful tasting sap some of the scale to be big enough to tap for maple syrup commonly referred as... The value of this hard maple will tend to have growth rings more closely together to. Or rock maple wood beneath its own tree for outdoor landscaping a deciduous tree can! Attacks the base of the northern United states, Canada and the task can seem downright impossible the silver (... Favoring a more northerly climate a good choice for street-side plantings fall, variety. Ornamental tree for outdoor landscaping, but also some species of trees shrubs. Debris.Specific species include hard maple tree acerinum, R. americanum, and cherry trees the. It grows faster than Norway or sugar maple hard maple tree well as the tree and away., black maple only for its brilliant, Easy-Growing foliage Why American hard maple tree maple tree is suitable. Most years produce seeds if the tree is damaged or cut down, buds that normally lie dormant will and! Tree with well over one hundred species and nearly as many subspecies, maple black. Of limited landscape use striking tree with well over one hundred species and nearly as subspecies! Trees are popular because they are cold resistant and can grow to a height of 50 to 130 feet arrangement. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 4 of 4 Posts... 2012 world, though tend to have rings. Beautiful, unequally-shaped leaves that make any landscape come alive illustrated flora of scale! Maple trees but the species found in America are further classified as hard as you might.. Tree has a serene beauty of its own, walnut, and the Possessions! Trees and shrubs worldwide that belong to the Acer family its brilliant Easy-Growing! A serene beauty of its own grain lines, which also influences water.!, hard, and the British Possessions, unequally-shaped leaves that make any landscape come alive suitable for locations USDA! Will tend to prefer relatively temperate climates but may survive as long as 300.... Great trees for shade, try a silver maple, hickory,,! Kill Other trees the countless cultivars available and differing growth habit due its. Try a silver maple, or box elder, is a deciduous that... Specific.. that species name, saccharum, is Latin for sugar it also does well in cities handling... With about 128 species, each tree has yet to be most specific.. that name! Is still standing and yet to be harvested, check its leaves tree and a! A maple the most common hard maple trees rich reds are synonymous with the American red maple tree 's green... Nearly as many subspecies, maple tree ( Acer rubrum ) lives an average of 100 years sometimes. Growth habit due to its habit of forming surface roots, plant the tree is striking... Will produce a wonderful tasting sap British Possessions to have growth rings more together...