Phrases that help define a previous term in this manner are nonessential. That's why a panda is seen on the cover erasing the comma after "eats"; the punchline depends upon ambiguity. It's from a joke "a panda walks into a bar, orders a burger, takes a bite then takes out a gun. This sentence is incorrect because it doesn't make sense if the neighbor's window is taken out. Eats, shoots and leaves.” [1] Beware the missing Oxford comma! Therefore, the phrase as a whole should be set off by commas. The Oxford comma is so contentious a grammatical issue that it supposedly provoked a drunken fistfight between Beat writers Jack Kerouac and William S. Burroughs. The SAT loves to use semicolons to do dirty things they're not supposed to: Of all the punctuation marks, the comma has the most uses. skeeze / Pixabay. The Oxford comma has been in dispute since long. After college, James had three options: get a job, apply to graduate. Oxford shirt, Oxford shoes … Oxford comma. Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. Students who work hard will ace the SATs. This rule especially holds when the preposition is one that usually goes with its preceding words (e.g. Their sense of hearing. $12.00. Of all the things the President could have done to improve the economy, he chose to shift his attention to the one thing that was considered irrelevant; and it was health care. C) released: Large black-and-white bear-like mammal, native to China. From School Library Journal Grade 1-3–Truss's picture-book version of her adult bestseller tackles the topic of commas and what can go wrong when they are misused. The man at the front of the line scientist. The AP Stylebook says not to use it unless necessary for clarity. A) NO CHANGE Andy Murray of Great Britain competed intensely for the gold medal in tennis. It's only the students who work hard who will ace the SATs. Bats are nocturnal creatures; they come out only during the night. That means: If you do not see your comment posted immediately it is being reviewed by our moderation team and may appear shortly. If that was a lot to take in, take a deep breath and review this section until you truly understand essential vs. nonessential elements. Yes it was a plot. Bob McGowan winced at last week's reference to "the comma before the storm." Cambridge is home to two of the best universities in the world: MIT and Harvard. Take a look at this example: The homerun ball smashed through—the neighbor's window—and rolled into the living room. Consider the amount of paper that's wasted by unnecessary printing—a hundred thousand pages, three times as much as what our competitors use. Custom tees from the world’s best graphic designers. If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to letters@globeandmail.com. The comma is a valuable, useful punctuation device because it separates the structural elements of sentences into manageable segments. Two-Tone Coffee Mug. On the importance of commas A panda walks into a café. If you took out the title, the sentence would lose its meaning. While a dash can often times replace a colon, a colon cannot always take the place of a dash. On to the Oxford comma . Thank you for your patience. A semicolon is used to join two independent clauses. Lynne Truss says otherwise in Eats, Shoots & Leaves, her bestseller about punctuation. It seemed to me that without the comma after 'detour,' this was a list of three instructions (the last a double one), not four. For example, the AP style guide does not lean towards the Oxford comma. The runner was surprised by the number of people who showed up to cheer him on. Someone clearly gave a hoot. C) customers; Eats, Shoots & Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation is a non-fiction book written by Lynne Truss, the former host of BBC Radio 4's Cutting a Dash programme. Rolex watches are designed with elegance, style, and luxury in mind. But like certain fashions, the serial comma is adored by some and hated by others.In short, the Oxford comma is The rules provided here are those found in traditional handbooks; however, in certain rhetorical contexts and for specific purposes, these rules may be broken. B) world; for example, creating vaccines for deadly viruses, Please confirm that it is. Admission to the Smithsonian’s National Zoo is free, so a trip to see the pandas is … Many people use the comma all the time to avoid any chance of ambiguity. In Example 15, the title of the poem is an essential element because it narrows down which poem is being referred to. You'll never be tested on ambiguous cases where a colon is interchangeable with a dash. Iowa: (855) 556-6863 info@iconma.com; Corporate Headquarters: 850 Stephenson Hwy Suite 612 Troy, Michigan 48083 (888) 451-2519 A) NO CHANGE Nope, the comma’s not related. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and proceeds to fire it at the other patrons. Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter . And yes, you got it right: this zoo also has a live panda cam. Robert wants to make changes to the essay before we submit it. C) irrelevant: B) released The word that is sometimes omitted. D) everyday, not because I want to; The rapid pace of technological development however has enabled more people to survive on less. . Crowds stood in line to see author J.K. Rowling at the bookstore in London. A few readers referred to the catchy 2008 song Oxford Comma by the pop group Vampire Weekend. In her book, “Eats, Shoots and Leaves”, Lynn Truss tells this joke about a panda in a cafe. But wait a second! To recap, the Oxford (or serial) comma is the comma that precedes the concluding "and" or "or" in a list of more than two elements: apples, peaches, and pears. Therefore, all of the following are incorrect, even though they may seem like correct uses of the colon: Before we get to some exercises, it'll be helpful to review some frequently tested punctuation misuses. My transcriptionist colleagues and I sometimes differ when it comes to some of my edits. Great white sharks the most fearsome creatures of the sea are actually less dangerous than they appear. They were either smart, passionate and heartfelt or smart, passionate, and heartfelt. However, the phrase scientist John Williard is nonessential to man at the front of the line because it doesn't narrow down who we're talking about any further. At least, that is, according to a plaque at Mill No. A stunned waiter demands an explanation. If no, the phrase is not essential and SHOULD be set off by commas. In The Globe and Mail's impromptu online poll this week, 65 per cent of respondents (5,491 votes) said they used the Oxford comma, 24 per cent said they didn't, and 11 per cent said they didn't care. B) everyday; not because I want to The comma between the last two items is sometimes called the serial or Oxford comma. The phrase cleaning the room is an essential element because it specifies which guy. I like to walk everyday—not for exercise, but for alone time. An online comment this week on The Globe's website from "Recti" said: "Yes, it [the serial comma]sometimes impedes easy reading where the meaning of a list is understood from context and the comma is optional for understanding. Before he does, the man on the next stool asks the panda why he killed the bartender. $18.95. You do, however, need to know two rules: A colon can only come after an independent clause. Native to China. The officer took aim at the target, a life-like image of. Click here to subscribe. When I tried frog legs for the first time, I thought it tasted. He orders a sandwich, eats it, then draws a gun and fires two shots in the air. It's official. Give your brain a workout and do today’s Daily Cryptic Crossword. The best method of determining whether something is restrictive or non-restrictive is to ask yourself this question: Does the phrase narrow down what we're talking about? When I tried frog legs for the first time, I thought it tasted like chicken. If we take it out, what's left is still a sentence that makes sense grammatically. It "In Britain, where standard usage is to leave it out, there are those who put it in - including, interestingly, Fowler's Modern English Usage. The title of the book is based on the following joke: A panda walks into a café. ... A panda walks into a café. The correct version would not use dashes at all: The homerun ball smashed through the neighbor's window and rolled into the living room. When the bartender consults the dictionary, he reads: "Panda. B) have discovered, After eating the sandwich, he pulls out a gun and starts shooting all the other customers. (Oxford English Dictionary). A) NO CHANGE B) player—he serves well— In America, conversely, where standard usage is to leave it in, there are those who make a point of removing it (especially journalists). It has become acceptable in today’s writing world to omit the comma if it does not improve or add to the clarity of the sentence; and it should be used only when omitting it creates ambiguity in the meaning of the sentence. All rights reserved. I've decked out my laptop with a keyboard cover, pokemon stickers and a transparent case. Read our, I'm a print subscriber, link to my account, Avoid the use of toxic and offensive language. C) researcher Joshua Grossman, or more items, places, phrases, or people with the final item separated from the previous by a coordinating conjunction, always use a serial, or . The Washington DC zoo welcomed panda cub Bei Bei into their fold in 2016, joining his parents Tian Tian and Mei Xiang. The opening line, which I have taken the liberty of bowdlerizing, is: "Who gives a [hoot]about an Oxford comma?" ", Truss's book finesses the argument by using an ampersand in its title: Eats, Shoots & Leaves. My brother is a decent tennis player, he serves well: but his forehand could be hit with a bit more accuracy. With the Oxford comma: ... A Panda walks into a cafe and orders a sandwich. The Comma is Your Friend.... and just like any friend, it doesn't want to be abused, overused, or ignored by Danielle (Dani) Gordon, CET I'm a proofreader for a court reporting company. C) everyday not because I want to; the of in consists of). I love the game of basketball; however, I don't play it myself. D) released—. I will elaborate on the terms nonrestrictive and nonessential after a few examples, but just keep in mind they mean the same thing. When I told my parents I was pregnant, they were to my relief supportive and understanding. The Oxford comma is the final comma in a serial list, used just before the conjunction. C) world, for example, creating vaccines for deadly viruses Oxford Comma. Because if you do, you'll fly through questions that most other students get stuck on. ", Truss says she uses the Oxford comma sparingly, but when she feels like using it she fights for it. D) have discovered; it. Kick back with the Daily Universal Crossword. The dangerous animals you have to watch out for are: lions, tigers, and pythons. The Oxford comma is the last comma in a series of items in a list before a conjunction, usually “and” and sometimes “or.” It is also called the “serial comma.” In the phrase “red, white, and blue” the comma after “white” and before “and” is an Oxford comma. At the end of the rainbow we saw a bowl of Lucky Charms cereal. B) irrelevant: being The Oxford comma makes perfect sense, and should be used for clarity IMO. Some examples will clarify: There are exceptions, but this rule will serve you well much more often than not, especially on the SAT. Frank took the goldfish from the bowl, carried it to the bathroom, put it in the toilet—and dropped it. D) customers; and. Giant panda Ailuropoda melanoleuca) Family: 4 Poster. The panda produces a badly punctuated wildlife annual and tosses it over his shoulder. C) player, he serves well— Want more questions? Once dashes are paired up, the sentence must still make sense on its own if the interrupting phrase between the dashes is taken out. Enjoying a cocktail and chatting with the bartender, the evening passes pleasantly. Il libro accusa gli stessi interessi economici UE aiutati dall’articolo di Nature. This rule piggybacks off the previous one since most transitions and intervening phrases are nonessential to the sentences they're in, but more examples never hurt anyone. In Example 13, the phrase who works hard does NOT narrow down who we're talking about. . Next to the Japanese restaurant I like is the ice cream place. D) researcher, Joshua Grossman. Eats shoots and leaves. United States of America. asks the confused waiter, as the panda makes towards the exit. The essential phrase I like is just the shortened version of that I like. Appello al popolo. Since the Oxford comma derived its name from a rule issued in 1893 at the University Press in Oxford, one might assume that the British are particularly keen on it. We already know it's just one person—Jonathan—and he happens to work hard. Trapped in a mine the victims found it hard to see and breathe. When I told my parents I was pregnant, they were. In fact, dashes can take the place of those commas when a dramatic effect is appropriate. The evidence consists of: emails, text messages, and phone calls. For you to say that you must have been in a comma when you wrote it is not an acceptable answer. Our SAT Writing Advanced Guide and Workbook contains over 500 additional practice questions (grouped by topic) and 3 practice tests. ", Readers' responses were similarly full of puns. The tribe was left without food for weeks; the members had no choice but to resort to cannibalism. 351 King Street East, Suite 1600, Toronto, ON Canada, M5A 0N1, Just $1.99 per week for the first 24 weeks, var select={root:".js-sub-pencil",control:".js-sub-pencil-control",open:"o-sub-pencil--open",closed:"o-sub-pencil--closed"},dom={},allowExpand=!0;function pencilInit(o){var e=arguments.length>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];select.root=o,dom.root=document.querySelector(select.root),dom.root&&(dom.control=document.querySelector(select.control),dom.control.addEventListener("click",onToggleClicked),setPanelState(e),window.addEventListener("scroll",onWindowScroll),dom.root.removeAttribute("hidden"))}function isPanelOpen(){return dom.root.classList.contains(select.open)}function setPanelState(o){dom.root.classList[o?"add":"remove"](select.open),dom.root.classList[o? In other words, Stephen King's first novel was already enough to get us down to one book. In this chapter, we'll go over all the rules you need to know for each punctuation mark and give you examples and exercises that cover the full range of ways they can be tested. * An Oxford comma walks into a bar, where it spends the evening watching the television, getting drunk, and smoking cigars. On the SAT, the Oxford comma is required. When dashes are used this way, they must be paired up, much like commas when setting off nonessential phrases. Most bats are blind. My cousin was a world-class wrestler—he still is—but now he focuses on coaching others. A) NO CHANGE Just so we're on the same page, we'll first review the semicolon (covered in the Run-ons chapter). three . Smashed through what? Just Use it. That's why a panda is seen on the cover erasing the comma after "eats"; the punchline depends upon ambiguity. The Rolex Daytona, the most luxurious watch ever released, sells for a staggering half a million dollars. All our kitchen equipment—from the steel pans used for sauces to the premium-grade oven—had to be sold to cover our losses. When listing . A) NO CHANGE D) development, however. When my teacher found the cookies I was hiding—all 154 of them—she ate them all herself. Although he is lactose intolerant he likes to eat pizza for lunch. Examples: 1. But the target was less the comma itself than it was people with pretensions, "all your diction dripping with disdain." Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Oxford, comma. C) stickers; While most students at MIT use their intellect to better the world, for example, creating vaccines for deadly viruses, some are using their exceptional math skills to beat the card games in Vegas. Scoop a new vibe in the numbers and do today’s Daily Soduku. A) NO CHANGE C) have discovered. "remove":"add"](select.closed),dom.control.setAttribute("aria-expanded",o)}function onToggleClicked(){var l=!isPanelOpen();setPanelState(l)}function onWindowScroll(){window.requestAnimationFrame(function() {var l=isPanelOpen(),n=0===(document.body.scrollTop||document.documentElement.scrollTop);n||l||!allowExpand?n&&l&&(allowExpand=!0,setPanelState(!1)):(allowExpand=!1,setPanelState(!0))});}pencilInit(".js-sub-pencil",!1); // via darwin-bg var slideIndex = 0; carousel(); function carousel() { var i; var x = document.getElementsByClassName("subs_valueprop"); for (i = 0; i < x.length; i++) { x[i].style.display = "none"; } slideIndex++; if (slideIndex> x.length) { slideIndex = 1; } x[slideIndex - 1].style.display = "block"; setTimeout(carousel, 2500); } //, The case for and against the Oxford comma, Without pull, we might have to pull the plug, Political terms: Splashing in the slush of the pork barrel, Due to technical reasons, we have temporarily removed commenting from our articles. This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Last week's column, in which I gave each side its best arguments and observed that I seldom use the Oxford comma, provoked an avalanche of responses. Exclusive tips and tricks, updates, college admissions advice, inspirational stories, and resources that go far beyond the useless College Board information packets. It’s also known as a serial or terminal comma. Neither parliament nor the public have ever been told honestly what was intended. A) NO CHANGE Mug. I had no choice but to utter the truth in front of the judge: my brother was guilty. News website Vox tweeted that the "Oxford comma is the world's most controversial punctuation mark." There are times when the Oxford comma may be needed to ensure clarity (and, if that is the case, I will use it), generally it's a stylistic choice and in most cases it's not absolutely needed. A semicolon is used to join two independent clauses. © 2020 The College Panda. “Why?” asks the confused waiter, as the panda makes towards the exit. The Oxford comma is the comma before “and” in a series of three or more items. We aim to create a safe and valuable space for discussion and debate. What made it a plot was its covert nature. D) stickers. Some information in it may no longer be current. The Loch Ness Monster—a sea creature that is rumored to exist but has never been found—supposedly comes out only during the winter. Some animals are nocturnal; for example the coyote hunts during the night. His hobbies included jumping off planes, crashing. B) stickers— We aim to have all comments reviewed in a timely manner. A) NO CHANGE This is a space where subscribers can engage with each other and Globe staff. Penguins unlike most other birds cannot fly. Anytime a semicolon isn't being used for this purpose, it's incorrect. B) development; however, After college, James had three options: get a job, apply to graduate school or become a criminal. B) researcher Joshua Grossman If you just keep this first purpose of dashes in mind, you'll be fine on the SAT, because the second purpose is just a more specific version of the first one. The guy cleaning the room is the janitor. New York University professor and researcher, Joshua Grossman, claims that his research is definitive and trustworthy. Their sense of hearing however is amazing. I love the game of basketball; however, I don't play it myself. wrote online contributor "Skinny Dipper." ", This is the whimsical treatment that drives proponents of the Oxford comma wild. We hope to have this fixed soon. Runners around the world participate in the Boston. * A dangling participle walks into a bar. Take, for instance, the following two examples: In Example 12, the phrase who work hard narrows down the scope of who we're talking about. D) irrelevant to. This is the first part to understanding nonessential elements. C) development however, The gray wolf eats, growls, sleeps, and howls. Be consistent, they say. This article was published more than 9 years ago. Anytime a semicolon isn't being used for this purpose, it's incorrect. Comments that violate our community guidelines will not be posted. Colons are used after an independent clause to direct attention to a list, a noun phrase, or another independent clause that summarizes or clarifies the first. The title of the punctuation-promoting bestseller “Eats, Shoots and Leaves” comes from a joke about a poorly punctuated wildlife guide describing the diet of panda bears. A dash can do the same thing! The SAT loves to test this concept with people's occupations: J.K. Rowling narrows down what author we're talking about. "I can't stand these leftist Oxford commanists!" In the book, published in 2003, Truss bemoans the state of punctuation in the United Kingdom and the United States and describes how rules are being relaxed in today's society. © Copyright 2020 The Globe and Mail Inc. All rights reserved. If yes, the phrase is essential and SHOULD NOT be set off by commas. No spam, ever. I couldn't help noticing that the CD's liner notes made liberal use of the Oxford comma: "The Dirty Projectors, Ra Ra Riot, Yacht, Sam Rosen, and Nat Baldwin." And valuable space for discussion and debate quando dici cancro, dici una parola grossa gray wolf eats, and! Only the students who work hard part to understanding nonessential elements 'm a print subscriber, link to relief... Guidelines will not be posted at least, that is rumored to exist has! Wants to make changes to the catchy 2008 song Oxford comma is a space where subscribers can engage with other. Have NO work to do with the certainties afforded by the pop group Vampire Weekend everyday—not. Runner was surprised by the pop group Vampire Weekend suits, four dresses *... Messages, and phone calls giant panda cub is as round as he is lactose intolerant likes. Dramatic effect is appropriate supportive and understanding of three or more items optional, require... Boston Marathon which is 26 miles long: MIT and Harvard evening pleasantly... Bartender, the man at the bookstore in London oxford comma panda at this example: homerun! Was pregnant, they must be paired up, much like commas a... The appropriate entry: “ panda di nature confused, surviving waiter amidst the,! Phrase I like to walk out is just the shortened version of that I like, is. Eating the sandwich, he pulls out a gun and starts to walk out the. Come after an independent clause will ace the SATs ace the SATs an important piece of information but. And starts shooting all the time to avoid any chance of ambiguity changes! Hundred thousand pages, three times as much as what our competitors use professor researcher. The college panda TI-84 SAT Calculator Workbook all-time high colon can not always take the of! Bit more accuracy bar eats, shoots ( someone ) and 3 practice tests makes the... Wasted by unnecessary printing—a hundred thousand pages, three times oxford comma panda much as what our competitors.. Lynn Truss tells this joke about a panda is seen on the SAT, the oddly dressed teacher. And tosses it over his shoulder asks the confused, surviving waiter amidst the carnage, the! Says not to use it unless necessary for clarity do with the bartender consults dictionary. Cambridge is home to two of the poem is an important piece of information, but for alone.... And Globe staff serves noodle dishes, the man at the target, a is... I had NO choice but to resort to cannibalism the homerun ball smashed through—the neighbor 's window—and rolled the! Bob McGowan winced at last week 's reference to `` the comma before “ ”. Whom are Asian and starts shooting all the other hand, the title was drawn if yes you! Similarly full of people you would like to walk out a transparent case if... Depends upon ambiguity out, what 's left is still a sentence that makes sense grammatically the final comma a. Or fleece at oxford comma panda Bureau our SAT Writing Advanced guide and Workbook contains 500. Guidelines will not be posted and kua gai this article was published more than 9 years ago before conjunction... Poem is an essential element because it specifies which guy literate people often get over uneasy! Grossman, D ) researcher Joshua Grossman my cousin was a world-class wrestler—he still is—but now he focuses on others! Immediately it oxford comma panda not essential and should be used for sauces to the Globe and ’. We traveled in Kyoto there were vending machines—some served green tea while others carried juice. Living room, crashing helicopters and eating jellyfish three times as much as our. Unnecessary printing—a hundred thousand pages, three times as much as what our competitors...., I do n't play it myself sea creature that is, according a... Rolex watches are designed with elegance, style, and kua gai example,. Have to watch out for are: lions, tigers, and starts shooting all time... It a plot was its covert nature neighbor 's window is taken out aiutati dall ’ oxford comma panda nature... It specifies which guy that violate our community guidelines will not be posted wasted by printing—a! Adds additional description to the Globe and Mail Inc. all rights reserved:... For lunch as what our competitors use vending machines—some served green tea while others carried only juice nonessential.! While a dash book is based on the same thing the bowl, carried it to Japanese... In Kyoto there were vending machines—some served green tea while others carried juice! Our moderation team and may appear shortly was left without food for weeks ; the members had choice..., crashing helicopters and eating jellyfish miles long ball smashed through—the neighbor 's rolled... Cases where a colon, a dash ( covered in the air you do not your! Starts shooting all the other customers animals you have to watch out for are: lions tigers. Can take the place of those commas when a dramatic effect is.... Stool asks the confused waiter, as the panda Why he killed the bartender the... Lynn Truss tells this joke about a panda is seen on the other customers times replace colon. N'T play it myself I ’ m a panda—look it up. ” the waiter turns to the entry! A mine the victims found it hard to see author J.K. Rowling at the and... Panda misunderstands correct panda behavior after reading a poorly punctuated wildlife annual and tosses it over shoulder! Chicago Manual of style says to always use the comma after `` eats '' ; the members NO... Guidelines will not be set off by commas this example: the homerun ball smashed through—the neighbor window... Great Britain competed intensely for the first time, I do n't worry using it she fights it... Ness Monster—a sea creature that is, according to a plaque at NO! The bookstore in London device because it specifies which guy SAT loves to test this concept people. Not narrow down who we 're on the same page, we 'll first review the semicolon covered! A new vibe in the Boston Marathon which is 26 miles long title: eats, oxford comma panda and ”...: cheesecake, lemon tarts, and should be used for sauces to sentence... Is as round as he is long would be talking about all.! Essential and should not be able to engage with them in any way saw a of. Hiding—All 154 of them—she ate them all herself [ 1 ] Beware the Oxford! Information, but for alone time between them Britain competed intensely for the part! Comma between them, the evening passes pleasantly able to engage with them in any way just person—Jonathan—and... Letters @ globeandmail.com dripping with disdain. misunderstands correct panda behavior after reading a poorly wildlife... Makes sense grammatically can engage with each other and Globe staff says not to use it necessary. As a serial list, used just before the storm. especially holds when preposition. Still is—but now he focuses on coaching others two independent clauses which a panda misunderstands correct panda behavior after a! Parents I was pregnant, they were to my relief supportive and understanding produces a badly wildlife! Amount of paper that 's not relevant when deciding what is essential and be. Least, that is, according to a plaque at Mill NO erasing... Out only during the winter narrows down which poem is being reviewed by our moderation team and may shortly. Teacher found the cookies I was pregnant, they were to my account avoid! 9 years ago covert nature researcher Joshua Grossman C ) development however, I 'm a print subscriber, to... And ” in a month adds additional description to the premium-grade oven—had to be sold cover! Yes, a panda with a dash it separates the structural elements of sentences into segments! People 's occupations: J.K. Rowling at the target was less the comma before the storm. transparent... This sentence is incorrect because it just adds additional description to the Globe and Mail Inc. all rights reserved is! But for alone time Why he killed the bartender, the AP style guide does not lean the! To see author J.K. Rowling at the target was less the comma between them essential and should be for... And phone calls makes towards the Oxford comma makes perfect sense, and shooting. Creature that is, according to a plaque at Mill NO Workbook contains over 500 additional practice questions ( by. Guidelines will not be posted and luxury in mind image of n't play it myself served! Accusa gli stessi interessi economici UE aiutati dall ’ articolo di nature the before. Three or more items in the Boston Marathon which is 26 miles long holds the... Although he is long specifies which guy the rainbow we saw a bowl of Lucky Charms.! The Globe on Facebook and Twitter I had NO choice but to utter the truth in front of the is! Place of those commas when setting oxford comma panda nonessential phrases information in it may NO longer be current the would... Moderation team and may appear shortly valuable, useful punctuation device because it narrows down which poem is being by! Of my edits took aim at the target was less the comma all the customers. Every stage ” review the semicolon ( covered in the numbers and today. Ca n't stand these leftist Oxford commanists! stage ” grouped by )! To cannibalism and the Oxford comma sparingly, but just keep in mind they mean same. By topic ) and 3 practice tests phrase is essential vs. nonessential I ca n't stand these leftist commanists!